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Recognize Human Trafficking


Locations for Sex Trafficking

  • Hotels and Motels
  • Residential Brothels
  • Strip Clubs
  • Massage Businesses
  • Truck and Rest Stops
  • Escort Services
  • Street Prostitution
  • Restaurants and Cantinas
  • Online

Recruitment Tactics for Sex Trafficking

  • False Promises
  • Seduction and“Grooming”
  • Internet Chat Rooms/Profile Sharing Sites
  • Peer Recruitment
  • Engaging in commercial sex to pay rent or to provide for family
  • Promise of a Committed Romantic Relationship
  • Threats
  • Force

Signs of Sex Trafficking

  • Unable to attend school on a regular basis and/or unexplained absences
  • Frequently running away from home
  • References frequent travel to other cities
  • Bruises or other signs of physical or mental trauma
  • Lacks control over a personal schedule and/or identification documents
  • Inappropriately dressed (based on weather conditions or surroundings)
  • Shows signs of drug addiction
  • Provides coached or rehearsed responses to questions
  • Has a “boyfriend” or “girlfriend” who is noticeably older and/or controlling
  • Attempts to conceal scars, tattoos, or bruises
  • Demonstrates a sudden change in attention to personal hygiene
  • Has tattoos (a form of branding) displaying the name or moniker of a trafficker, such as “daddy”


Locations for Labor Trafficking

  • Domestic Work
  • Agriculture
  • Restaurants / Food Service
  • Traveling Sales Crews
  • Construction
  • Health and Beauty Services
  • Begging Rings

Recruitment Tactics for Labor Trafficking

  • False Promises
  • Fraudulent contracts
  • Family/Peer Recruitment
  • Unethical Labor Contracting

Signs of Labor Trafficking

  • Unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips.
  • Employed but does not possess an authorized work permit.
  • Employed with a work permit but clearly working outside the permitted hours .
  • Owes a large debt and unable to pay it off.
  • Not allowed breaks at work or being subjected to excessively long work hours.
  • Overly concerned with pleasing an employer and/or deferring personal or educational decisions to a boss.
  • Lacks control of his or her own money.
  • Lives with an employer or has an employer listed as their caregiver.
  • Desires to quit a job but not allowed to do so. Show signs of fear, anxiety, depression submission, tension and/or nervousness.
UMD SAFE Center Team Statement on Racial Injustice

The UMD SAFE Center decries the structural racism that remains as a toxic legacy of our country’s history and permeates our society today, and we are working to ensure that we are an actively anti-racist institution.